The perilous future of one of the rarest rhino species in the world, the Sumatran Rhinos, is stirring into greater jeopardy. The global population is now just over a hundred, and the more worsening fact is that the species is no more deemed to be living in the country of Malaysia.
A study carried out by the Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate at the University of Copenhagen now reveals that Sumatran Rhinos are considered extinct in Malaysia, with no single animal spotted in the wilds of the nation since 2007.
The only instances of spotting the species in Malaysia were in 2007 and 2011, when two female rhinos were captured for breeding purposes. Apart from that, its presence is considered to be absent from the forests of Malaysia.
The Sumatran Rhino’s survival is now limited to Indonesia, where the population figures are struggling to maintain a three-digit number. Nine of them are in captivity, with the rest scattered across the islands of Borneo and Sumatra in Indonesia.
Poaching and horn-hunting have been the primary reasons for the population dip of Sumatran Rhinos.
Besides, captive breeding in the recent decades has also failed to produce any positive results. Since 2001, there has not even been a single birth of captive rhinos in Indonesia.
The study has also urged the government to step up rhino protection with some intense measures, highlighting the necessity of setting up Intensive Protection Zone (IPZ) and carrying out habitat management. The plan also throws light on mobilizing national resources, with support called from the government and other organizations and stakeholders.
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